Genital Warts

Genital warts, the most common sexually transmitted infection, are small, roundish, bumpy, and rough growths. In men, they often appear on the penis, scrotum, and anus, while in women, they may be found on the vulva, vaginal walls, and around the anus or cervix. Transmission to the mouth is also possible.

If symptoms arise, seeking a Dermatology Associates & Surgery Center provider for diagnosis is essential. Our dermatologists treat genital warts through various methods depending on the size, number, and location of the warts. 

Symptoms of Genital Warts?

  • Bleeding during intercourse and/or itching in the genital area.
  • Small, roundish, bumpy, and rough growths.
  • In men, often appear on the penis, scrotum, and anus.
  • In women, found on the vulva, vaginal walls, and around anus or cervix.

Causes of Genital Warts

  • Genital warts are primarily caused by certain strains of the human papillomavirus (HPV), which is a sexually transmitted infection.

How to Prevent Genital Warts

Preventing genital warts primarily involves strategies to reduce the risk of contracting the human papillomavirus (HPV), which is the underlying cause of genital warts. Here are some key preventive measures:

  • Vaccination:
  • Safe Sexual Practices:
  • Regular Health Check-ups
  • Know Your Partner's Sexual Health
  • Maintain a Healthy Lifestyle

FAQs for Genital Warts

While dermatologists are specialists in skin conditions and can provide effective diagnosis and treatment for genital warts, the first line of defense for genital warts often involves primary care providers or healthcare professionals specializing in sexual health. In many cases, individuals may initially consult with their primary care physician, gynecologist (for women), urologist (for men), or another healthcare provider for an evaluation.

These healthcare professionals are trained to diagnose and manage a wide range of health issues, including sexually transmitted infections (STIs) like genital warts. They can conduct an initial examination, discuss symptoms, and recommend appropriate testing or treatment. In some instances, primary care providers may initiate treatment for genital warts.

However, if the case is complex, the warts are extensive, or if there is a need for specialized treatment options, a referral to a dermatologist may be made. Dermatologists play a key role in managing skin conditions, and their expertise can be valuable for more challenging cases of genital warts.

Genital warts may appear as small, raised growths with a flesh-colored or grayish appearance. They can be flat or have a cauliflower-like texture. If you notice any unusual growths or experience changes in the genital area, a dermatologist can perform a thorough examination to determine if they are genital warts.

Dermatologists have various treatment options for genital warts, including topical medications, cryotherapy, laser therapy, and surgical removal. The choice of treatment depends on factors such as the size, location, and number of warts. A dermatologist can discuss these options, addressing individual preferences and concerns.

The HPV vaccine is a crucial preventive measure against certain strains of the virus that cause genital warts. Dermatologists recommend vaccination to reduce the risk of contracting HPV and developing genital warts. They can provide information on vaccine eligibility, dosages, and its overall effectiveness.

Treatment for Genital Warts

Genital Warts can be treated using a variety of techniques, some of which include:

  • Freezing with liquid nitrogen (cryotherapy).
  • Electrocautery, which burns off the lesions.
  • Prescription Medications.
Occasionally further treatment must be sought by additional specialists. If you're looking for medical guidance, schedule an appointment with your dermatologist to determine the best course of action and treatment plan.